The diagnostic tests used to confirm a COVID-19 infection are now performed in several public laboratories and in private ones accredited, authorized, and coordinated by the Regional Welfare Authority.
The following test types are presently available to detect the SARS-CoV-2 infection:
Covid-19 PCR test that highlights the presence of the virus’s genetic material (RNA). It is performed on a nose and throat swab.
Antigen testing (rapid) that highlights the presence of virus components. It is performed on a nose and throat swab.
Serological testing (standard or rapid) that highlights the presence of antibodies against the virus. Serological tests are performed on blood samples taken from veins or on capillary blood.